Childhood plays a crucial role in shaping our emotional, cognitive, and social development. However, when individuals experience arrested development during this period, their growth and maturation may be hindered, potentially leading to lasting effects on their relationships and self-esteem in later life. [Read more…]
In this post, Penni explores the uncomfortable feeling of resentment; what it is, what causes it and how it’s potentially harmful effects – physical, mental and emotional – can be avoided.
Here, in her latest post, Penni shares a communication tool, taken from Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT), that can be used when achieving an objective in an interpersonal interaction is required.
Transactional Analysis (TA) is a theory of psychology and psychotherapy that was developed by Eric Berne in the 1950s. It is based on the idea that individuals have three ego states – Parent, Adult, and Child – that interact with one another in transactions, or social exchanges. These transactions are thought to shape our behaviour and emotions in significant ways. [Read more…]
The family ‘role’ that may have been assigned in childhood could be explain why codependent behaviours are experienced in adulthood.
Relational co-dependency refers to an unhealthy and destructive pattern of behaviour in relationships where one person enables another person’s addiction, irresponsibility, or underachievement. [Read more…]
Toxic relationships are harmful and destructive connections between individuals that can negatively impact one’s physical and emotional well-being. Relationships without boundaries are characterised by a lack of respect, control, and manipulation.
In a toxic relationship without boundaries, the partners may engage in behaviours such as constant criticism, *gaslighting, or even physical abuse. There may also be a power dynamic in which one person attempts to control the actions, thoughts, or decisions of the other. [Read more…]
The term “narcissist” typically refers to someone who is both self-absorbed and emotionally distant. Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a serious mental illness after all, and should be diagnosed by a trained mental health professional. [Read more…]
The narcissist – and the recipient of narcissistic personality disorder behaviours both behave the way they do primarily because of the brain chemicals (Neurotransmitters) that drive their respective behaviours. Read on to learn more. [Read more…]
Criticism, at home or in the workplace can hard to take. It can be embarrassing. It can prompt feelings of being devalued or inadequate in some way. When we’re on the receiving end of criticism from a loved one, colleague, boss or friend it can feel like a personal attack. It’s perfectly natural, therefore, to react to this attack defensively. Reacting, however, is different from responding. [Read more…]